“Google” 标签页面:

  • 谷歌退出中国Google博客文章翻译完全版

    A new approach to China

    1/12/2010 03:00:00 PM

    Like many other well-known organizations, we face cyber attacks of varying degrees on a regular basis. In mid-December, we detected a highly sophisticated and targeted attack on our corporate infrastructure originating from China that resulted in the theft of intellectual property from Google. However, it soon became clear that what at first appeared to  be solely a security incident--albeit a significant one--was something quite different.
    First, this attack was not just on Google. As part of our investigation we have discovered that at least twenty other largeanies from a wide range of businesses--including the Internet, finance, technology, media and chemical sectors--have been similarly targeted. We are currently in the process of notifying those companies, and we are also working with the relevant U.S. authorities.
    Second, we have evidence to suggest that a primary goal of the attackers was accessing the Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists. Based on our investigation to date we believe their attack did not achieve that objective. Only two Gmail accounts appear to have been accessed, and that activity was limited to account information (sch as the date the account was created) and subject line, rather than the content of emails themselves.
    Third, as part of this investigation but independent of the attack on Google, we have discovered that the accounts of dozens of U.S.-, China- and Europe-based Gmail users who are advocates of human rights in China appear to have been routinely accessed by third parties. These accounts have not been accessed through any security breach at Google, but most likely via phishing scams or malware placed on the users' computers.
    We have already used information gained from this attack to make infrastructure and architectural improvements that enhance security for Google and for our users. In terms of individual users, we would advise people to deploy reputable anti-virus and anti-spyware programs on their computers, to install patches for their operating systems and to update their web browsers. Always be cautious when clicking on links appearing in instant messages and emails, or when asked to share personal information like passwords online. You can read more hereabout our cyber-security recommendations. People wanting to learn more about these kinds of attacks can read this U.S. government report (PDF), Nart Villeneuve's blog and this
    We have taken the unusual step of sharing information about these attacks with a broad audience not just because of the security and human rights implications of what we have unearthed, but also because this information goes to the heart of a much bigger global debate about freedom of speech. In the last two decades, China's economic reform programs and its citizens' entrepreneurial flair have lifted hundreds of millions of Chinese people out of poverty. Indeed, this great nation is at the heart of much economic progress and development in the world today.
    We launched Google.cn in January 2006 in the belief that the benefits of increased access to information for people in China and a more open Internet outweighed our discomfort in agreeing to censor some results. At the time we made clear that "we will carefully monitor conditions in China, including new laws and other restrictions on our services. If we determine that we are unable to achieve the objectives outlined we will not hesitate to reconsider our approach to China."
    These attacks and the surveillance they have uncovered--combined with the attempts over the past year to further limit free speech on the web--have led us to conclude that we should review the feasibility of our business operations in China. We have decided we are no longer willing to continue censoring our results on Google.cn, and so over the next few weeks we will be discussing with the Chinese government the basis on which we could operate an unfiltered search engine within the law, if at all. We recognize that this may well mean having to shut down Google.cn, and potentially our offices in China.
    The decision to review our business operations in China has been incredibly hard, and we know that it will have potentially far-reaching consequences. We want to make clear that this move was driven by our executives in the United States, without the knowledge or involvement of our employees in China who have worked incredibly hard to make Google.cn the success it is today. We are committed to working responsibly to resolve the very difficult issues raised.
    Posted by David Drummond, SVP, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer presentation on the GhostNet spying incident.

    Permalink

    與其他很多著名組織一樣,我們經常會碰到各種各樣的網絡攻擊。去年12月中旬,我們檢測到一次來自中國的,對我們集團網絡設備高度精密和有針對性的網絡攻擊,在此 次攻擊中,谷歌公司的知識產權遭到竊取。我們很快就查清這並非只是一場單純的安全事件。

    首先,此次攻擊並非僅僅針對谷歌。我們在調查中發現,至少有其他20家大型公司也成為了類似的攻擊目標,這些公司所在的行業分佈廣泛---包括互聯網、金融、科技、媒體和化工行業。我們目前正在通知這些公司,並與美國有關部門攜手展開調查。

    第二,我們有證據表明攻擊者的主要目的是入侵中國人權活動者的Gmail郵箱帳戶。根據我們掌握的調查數據,我們確信他們的攻擊還未能達此目的。只有兩 個Gmail帳戶有被侵入過的跡象,而入侵者的活動範圍也僅限於箱帳戶信息(如賬戶創建時的數據)和郵件主題,而不是郵件內容。

    第三,我們在對谷歌案件的調查中發現,有很多註冊地在美國、中國和歐洲的人權人士的Gmail郵箱賬戶似乎經常受到第三方侵入。入侵者並非是通過Google的安全漏洞進行攻擊,而極有可能是通過在用戶的電腦內植入釣魚網頁或是惡意軟件來達到目的。

    我們已經利用從這次攻擊中所獲取的資料,改善基礎設施及架構,提高谷歌及我們用戶的安全。對於個人用戶,我們建議他們在自己的電腦上安裝口碑好的反病毒和反間諜軟件程序,給他們的操作系統安裝補丁,並更新所使用的網絡瀏覽器。在點擊即時信息和電子郵件的鏈接時,或要求在線提供個人密碼等個人資料時,要保持警惕。在這裡,你能夠閱讀到更多我們所提出的關於電子安全方面的建議。如果希望獲得更多關於這種類型攻擊情況,請閱讀美國政府的這份報告(PDF)、Nart Villeneuve的博客這份關於GhostNet間諜事件的PPT。

    雖這些未經報導的攻擊和監視,以及過去幾年來政府試圖進一步限制互聯網上然我們對一些搜索結果將受到審查而感到不適,但為了加強與中國用戶的聯繫以及建立一個更為開放的互聯網環境,我們還是發佈了 Google.cn。從發佈之日起我們就有著明確的運營思路---我們將仔細審視中國的運營環境,包括新法律的發布以及對我們所服務領域的其他規定。如果 我們認為我們無法取得既定目標,我們將毫不猶豫的重新考慮我們在中國的發展策略。

    的言論自由的行為已使我們得出結論,我們應重新審視我們在中國的業務運營。我們已決定我們將不再繼續審查Google.cn上的搜索結果,且如有可能的話,未來幾週內我們將 與中國政府就我們是否可以依法運營一個未經過濾的搜索引擎展開討論。我們認識到這可能意味著我們不得不關閉Google.cn,並有可能關閉我們設在中國 的辦公部門。

    永久鏈接

     

    转自:谷奥

    2010.01.13 / 4 条评论 / 9,435 次点击 / 分类: 借此鉴彼

  • 有组织有预谋 央视《焦点访谈》报道google的前情

    http://it.solidot.org/article.pl?sid=09/06/24/1740241 来自有组织有预谋部门 某位匿名人士通过google docs匿名发表的一篇文章中,利用Google Insights for Search,详细分析了6月18日央视在《焦点访谈》中指责google在“儿子”的搜索提示中会出现大量低俗信息的原因。
    Google的搜索提示是根据近期搜索频率来分的,也就是说,搜索提示里会出现最近一段时间内搜索的次数较多的组合。
    作者发现,从6月10日起,“儿子与情人”和“儿子母亲不正当关系”两种搜索组合的搜索率直线上升。而之前的搜索量则几乎可以忽略不计。并且这些搜索近100%都是由北京的用户完成的。而且这些词条总共也就被搜索了十几二十来次。


    https://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dfqptrrs_0d2f75sf9

    前情

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    6月18日央视《焦点访谈》

    记者:通过谷歌中国能搜索出来的淫秽色情和低俗信息非常的丰富,不仅有交友、视频、还有文字等等,而且搜索起来非常方便,它还提供了这么一种功能,你只要输入一个词,甚至是一个字它就能给你提供若干种选项,更为夸张的是,即使你输入的这个词并不暧昧,但是它却能给你引导到低俗的内容上,不信我们来看一下:输入一个儿子,它下面缺出现了这样的一些选项“儿子母亲不正当关系”等等十个选项,而且这十个选项可以说都将引导你进入到那些低俗的内容,这样的结果应该说我们谁都没有想到。
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     

    参考用“谷歌搜索低俗引导”
    http://fmn037.xnimg.cn/fmn037/20090624/2245/b_10360k017015.jpg

     

    Google的搜索引导词是根据近期搜索频率来分的,也就是说,引导词里会出现最近一段时间内搜索的次数较多的组合。Google Trends上就能查到流量比较大的情况下的搜索频率走势。

    而更为先进的Google Insights for Search(http://www.google.com/insights/search/)里则详细地记录下了2004年至今各搜索组合的次数涨落,并且还可细分网页搜索、图片搜索、新闻搜索,和按不同国家与地域、不同时间段来进行检索。

    请看图说话。

     

    http://lh3.ggpht.com/_rBYMNMWUSdU/SkJISS-XcoI/AAAAAAAAADQ/leHka3cSet8/s576/1.jpg

      
    http://lh4.ggpht.com/_rBYMNMWUSdU/SkJITktP9RI/AAAAAAAAADY/bzzvfRYuKCo/s640/2.jpg

    http://lh4.ggpht.com/_rBMNMWUSdU/SkJIUVUABVI/AAAAAAAAADc/sd4ReymDiYw/3.jpg

    http://lh6.ggpht.com/_rBYMNMWUSdU/SkJIVt1lVZI/AAAAAAAAADg/lMX3_9J3jcQ/4.jpg

    解读:
    在这几张“30天内统计数量”的表里我们可以看到,从6月10日起,“儿子与情人”和“儿子母亲不正当关系”两种搜索组合的搜索率直线上升,而之前的搜索量则几乎可以忽略不计。并且这些搜索近100%都是由北京的用户完成的。而且这些词条总共也就被搜索了十几二十来次。
    同样,在搜索频率上升排行中我们也可以得到印证,这两个条目在过去从来没有这么“火热”过。

    巧合?

    同样是6月10日,同样是北京用户。同样是20次上下的搜索次数。

    巧合?

    真的是巧合吗?
    _________________________________________________-
    答疑:


    有人问:数据图怎么都一样的?
    仔细看,除了6月10日到6月18日的上升趋势惊人一致外,其他是有区别的。

    比如第一图6月1日、第二图5月29日、三四图的上升量、五图的5月29与30日之间等等。

    2009.06.26 / 暂无评论 / 458 次点击 / 分类: 借此鉴彼

  • Google和百度、雅虎的站内搜索代码

    Google和百度、雅虎的站内搜索代码
       对于一个网站来说,使用搜索引擎来进行站内搜索往往比自己编写的站内搜索更高效,并且不占用网站服务器的资源,下面是我搜集到的几个主要搜索引擎(Google和百度、雅虎)的站内搜索代码,使用时只需要将代码里的"www.williamlong.info"替换成你的网址即可。

    <!--Google站内搜索开始-->
    <form method=get action="http://www.google.com/search">
    <input type=text name=q>
    <input type=submit name=btnG value="Google 搜索">
    <input type=hidden name=ie value=GB2312>
    <input type=hidden name=oe value=GB2312>
    <input type=hidden name=hl value=zh-CN>
    <input type=hidden name=domains value="www.williamlong.info">
    <input type=hidden name=sitesearch value="www.williamlong.info">
    </form>
    <!--Google站内搜索结束-->

    <!--Baidu站内搜索开始-->
    <form action="http://www.baidu.com/baidu">
    <input type=text name=word>
    <input type="submit" value="Baidu 搜索">
    <input name=tn type=hidden value="bds">
    <input name=cl type=hidden value="3">
    <input name=ct type=hidden value="2097152">
    <input name=si type=hidden value="www.williamlong.info">
    </form>
    <!--Baidu站内搜索结束-->

    <!--Yahoo站内搜索开始-->
    <form action="http://www.yahoo.com.cn/search">
    <input type=text name="p">
    <input type="submit" value="Yahoo 搜索">
    <input type=hidden name=vs value="www.williamlong.info">
    </form>
    <!--Yahoo站内搜索结束-->

      下面是Google和百度的Javascript版的站内搜索代码:

    <!--Google站内搜索开始-->
    <script type="text/javascript">
    function googlesearch () {
    var wq=document.getElementsByName("wq")[0].value;
    var link="http://www.google.com/search?domains=www.williamlong.info&sitesearch=www.williamlong.info&q="+wq;
    window.open(link); }
    </script>
    <input type="text" name="wq"/><input type="submit" onclick="javascript:googlesearch()" value="Google 搜索" />
    <!--Google站内搜索结束-->

    <!--Baidu站内搜索开始-->
    <script language="javascript">
    function baidusearch () {
    var wd=document.getElementsByName("wd")[0].value;
    var link="http://www.baidu.com/s?si=www.williamlong.info&cl=3&ct=2097152&tn=baidulocal&word="+wd;
    window.open(link); }
    </script>
    <input type="text" name="wd"/><input type="submit" onclick="javascript:baidusearch()" value="Baidu 搜索" />
    <!--Baidu站内搜索结束-->

    2009.01.14 / 暂无评论 / 641 次点击 / 分类: 所谓技术

  • Google Chrome Logo是这么创意出来的

    Google Chrome Logo是这么创意出来的

    MS啊,股沟啊。冤家死对头啊!

    2008.12.08 / 暂无评论 / 395 次点击 / 分类: 梦溪笔记

  • Chrome,我看行

        在火狐不断攻占IE市场的同时,google除了资助火狐外,还推出了自己的浏览器,Chrome。并于今天晚些时候发布。
    看来WebOS的发展并非空穴来风,看来手机浏览器的市场蛋糕的确很大。有Google,微软就有了竞争。只有存在竞争,才存在IT业界的不断革新。
        仅从浏览器本身Chrome而言,它一方面向用户宣传自己的快速浏览优势以吸引PC用户,一方面抢占手机浏览器市场。
    在文档上,google有这样一些话:"By keeping each tab in an isolated "sandbox", we were able to prevent one tab from crashing another and provide improved protection from rogue sites. We improved speed and responsiveness across the board. We also built a more powerful JavaScript engine, V8, to power the next generation of web applications that aren't even possible in today's browsers."可见,goole的浏览器真的在核心部分下了大工夫,比如沙盘类的多线程浏览,比如采用自己的JAVA引擎。
        对于google这个备受关注的浏览器,作为用户的我们是应该感到欣喜的。而要为此皱眉头的,除了微软,恐怕还有火狐。然而这些IT江湖上的风风雨雨,不是我们能够参与的,我们只需坐在观众席上,观赏一场武林大战的开始。
        其实,我们不必多虑,只需要静静地等着google给我们带来惊喜。

    2008.09.02 / 暂无评论 / 330 次点击 / 分类: 所谓技术